These plants are occasionally attacked by fungal diseases. Fr. on Amazon.com.au. The non-mulberry silkworms are eri (Samia ricini), Muga (Antheraea assama), temperate tasar (Antherara myllita) and tropical tasar (Antherara proylei). Healthy egg production is indeed the primary requisite for conducive growth of the entire silk industry. Influence of new host plants on. Find information about the various schemes being implemented along with the benefits, grants and assistance. The plants are propagated in two ways (i) Sexual method and (ii) Asexual method. They complete their life cycle of four different metamorphosing phases, egg, larva , Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and. Both under indoor and outdoor rearing conditions, early instars of Antheraea mylitta showed differential preference for eating towards developmentally different leaves of host plant, Terminalia arjuna. It also eats many other kinds of plants, with various ecoraces specializing on certain taxa. The common name, ailanthus silkmoth, refers to the host plant Ailanthus.There is a subspecies, S. cynthia ricini in India and Thailand that feeds upon the leaves of castor bean, and is known for the production of eri silk, and is often referred to by the common name eri silkmoth. The oak tasar silkworm feed on 16 Quercus species is distrib- Pre-cocoon Segment: a) Laying (egg) preparation. Mulberry is the leading silk and 1120 host plants are being maintained with 13 species at the Central Sericultural Germplasm Resources Centre, Hosur. Food plants of tasar silkworm. The Website design follows an integrated approach with the entire department and its sub-organisations form an Integrated Portal. In the present book, the distribution pattern, characterization of exo-morphic features, floral calendar, palynological data such as morphological features of pollen grains (both light and scanning electron microscopic studies), pollen germination and pollen viability have been carried out in sixteen host plants of tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta, D. The non-rearers in the villages surrounding the forest have, in fact, thoroughly destroyed all plants species other than the Asan. §Host Plant: Terminalia spp. Historically, foundation for the study of insect-host plant relationships was clearly defined by Charles T. Brues in 1920’s (Brues 1920 and 1924); however, there is no reference on effects of forestry host plants, rearing seasons and their interaction on cocoon productivity of tropical tasar silkworm, A. mylitta in any of the Himalayan states of India, including Uttarakhand. Pollen Biology of Food Plants of Tasar Silkworm, Antheraea mylitta, D: Palynology of Tasar Silkworm Host Plants [Dinesh, B.] BROAD SEGMENTS OF TASAR SUB-SECTOR 1. The life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max. Integrated farming is more suitable under wider spaced plantation like 12' x 6', 10' x 5' or 6'x 6'. The larvae are reared on the Asan (Terminalia tomentosa) plant as the primary host plants. 3. Host plant of silkworms plays a major role in the quality as well as the quantity of silk produced. The leaf nutrition of tasar food plant can insects face a challenge of differences in their life cycle enhance the effective rate of rearing (ERR), health and pace and pattern [22]. These moths feed on leaves of oak, are found in abundance in sub-Himalayan belt. As high as nineteen ecoraces have been reported in this species which feed primarily on Terminalia species and Shorea robusta and also on number of secondary food plants. Eugenia jambolana or Syzygium cumini L and it belongs to the myrtaceae plant family. Classification of mulberry: Division (Phylum): Phanerodgams (flowering plants) Sub-Division (Sub-phylum):Anglosperms; Class: Dicots; Order:Urticales; Family: Moracease It is a finer variety of tasar generated by the silkworm, Antheraea proyeli J. in India they feed on natural food plants of oak, found in abundance in the sub Himalayan belt of India, covering the states of Manipur, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya and Jammu & Kashmir. Sinha Central Tasar Research and Training Institute, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India *Corresponding author A B S T R A C T producing plant growth promoting substance. It is lethal to the larvae. Oak Tasar silk worm. d) Marketing of Yarn and Fabric. Screening of Rhizobacterium, Burkholderia for Biocontrol of Bacterial Pathogens of Tropical Tasar Silkworm, Antheraea Mylitta D. And Induction of Growth in Silkworm Host Plant, Terminalia Arjuna Muga silkworm is a holometabolous insect passing through complete metamorphosis from egg to adult. Conservation need of tropical tasar silk insect, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antheraea_mylitta&oldid=977221669, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 September 2020, at 16:37. Hence, based on total silk yield and fecundity T. tomentosa and T. arjuna are the most suitable and the efficient host plants for tasar silkworm rearing. d) Marketing of Yarn and Fabric. PROBLEMS IN PRE-COCOON SEGMENT OF TASAR 1. The worms are either uni- or bivoltine and their cocoons like the mulberry silkworm cocoons can be reeled into raw silk. [4][5] Some ecoraces are so well differentiated that they do not interbreed in nature, though they are not genetically distinct and can be bred in captivity. Mishra, C. S. K., Nayak, B. K., and Dash, M. C. (1992). of Assam. You can find information on Our Ministers, Key Officials, Our Vision,Mission and Functions and more details about our department here. Food plants of Muga silkworm. fecundity and egg fertility [16 -21] and the polyphagous mylitta [2, 4]. Wide disritbution and polyphagy of this insect species had resulted in extensive variation in the population. 3. Food plants of tasar silkworm. Tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) is a polyphagous silk producing forest silkworm of commercial importance in India. The eri silk worm is the only completely domesticated silkworm other than Bombyx mori. [7] Natural enemies of this silkworm include the uzi fly (Blepharipa zebina), which is a parasitoid that uses the silkworm larvae as a food source for its maggots. Nursery technique for raising Terminalia arjuna and T. tomentosa seedlings; Vegetative propagation through Air layering, soft cuttings from coppices and juvenile cuttings. Buy Pollen Biology of Food Plants of Tasar Silkworm, Antheraea mylitta, D: Palynology of Tasar Silkworm Host Plants on Amazon.com FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders Food plants of Muga silkworm. However loss in the larval stages is more visible which affects the crop, to the tune of 10-15% or sometimes more. [8], Many ecoraces are threatened due to extensive deforestation and the collection of cocoons from wild populations.[9]. The host plants of muga silkworms are available in nature. Tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury, is a non- mulberry silkworm used for commercial silk production in India. The larvae are reared on the Asan (Terminalia tomentosa) plant as the primary host plants. Eight Azotobacter isolates were isolated and purified from different tasar rearing regions of West Singhbhoom, Jharkhand on Jenson Rhizosphere, … Integrated package for raising and maintenance of host plants as Economic plantation. of Assam. 2. Food plants of Eri silkworm. Promotion of organic sericulture and water harvesting devices in sericulture programme. Besides these, the silkworm feeds on Phutuka (Melastoma melabathricum Linn. Antheraea mylitta is wild and polyphagous. b) Weaving of Fabric. Post-cocoon Segment: a) Yarn production. STRENGTH : Suitable climate for production of high quality bivoltine silk. [6] It is also commonly infected with the Antheraea mylitta cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus (AmCPV), a reovirus which has been reported to destroy around 20% of each silk crop by inducing diarrhea in the larvae, leading to a condition known as grasserie. c) Marketing of cocoons. Tropical Tasar Silkworm Host Plants Manjappa*, I.G. The Tropical tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta Drury is an economically sericigenous insect abundantly cultivated around Simliplipal Biosphere area of Mayurbhanj district in Odisha. 150 days in winter. The tasar silkworm A. mylitta has been studied for its growth and development in non-diapausing and diapause generations (Mishra et al. Influence of new host plants on larval duration and total life cycle of Eri silkworm during (Nov–Dec and Jan-Feb ). 2. The chawki method was carried out during I and II instars larva followed succeeding instars brushed in common plot whereas, direct brushing method was reared entire life cycles in common block plantation was found minimum under Chawki method. Sinha. Tasar host plant based integrated farming system comprising of leguminous and other cash crops has been developed for effective and sustainable utilization of available land resources. The Chinese and Japanese tasar worms feed on oak leaves and other allied species. Mn Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase. Influence of new host plants on larval duration and total life cycle of Eri silkworm during (Nov–Dec and Jan-Feb ). A document repository where all types of the documents of the organization can be searched and located in the shortest possible time. Host plant maintenance. • The males are then attracted by the pheromone secreted by the female and start copulation. The temperate species of this silkworm, namely, Antheraea proylei Jolly, feeds on different species of Quercus which are widely distributed in this region. They complete their life cycle of four different metamorphosing phases, egg, larva , Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm … The growth parameters and cocoon characters of the tasar silkworm reared on jamun leaves were normal. Buy Pollen Biology of Food Plants of Tasar Silkworm, Antheraea mylitta, D: Palynology of Tasar Silkworm Host Plants by online on Amazon.ae at best prices. The silkworm rearing and grainage performance being important for sustenance of tropical tasarculture, the cocoons generated on Lagerstroemia parviflora food plant were analyzed for economic viability in comparison withTerminalia tomentosa plant. Prabhu, Niranjan Kumar and A.K. Castor cultivation. are some of the endemic species of the tropical region of India. Application of rogar (0.09%) and chemical fertilizers (@ 34 grams nitrogen, 46 grams phosphorus and 12 grams potash) in chawki garden. Urease hydrolyzes urea to ammonia and is important for the nitrogen metabolism of silkworms because ammonia is assimilated into silk protein. It is actually one of a number of tasar silkworms, species that produce Tussar silk, a kind of wild silk that is made from the products of saturniid silkworms instead of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori). c) Marketing of cocoons. Silkworms do not synthesize urease and acquire it from mulberry leaves. 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Soft cuttings from coppices and juvenile cuttings Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur-302017 Contact No hydrolyzes urea ammonia... Can find information on Our Ministers, Key Officials, Our Vision, Mission and Functions and more about! It from mulberry leaves plants Dr. Sunita Ojha School of Applied Science, Suresh Gyan Vihar,. The only completely domesticated in North-west while it is reared outdoors like tropical tasar silkworm and vanya.. Lasted its life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max belongs to the myrtaceae plant family nature. Of India leading silk and 1120 host plants twice or thrice in year. The wild and keeps it tied with the benefits, grants and assistance - 835 303, JHARKHAND:. Dozens of secondary food plants for oak tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta is a natural fauna tropical! To extensive deforestation and the polyphagous mylitta [ 2 ] this species is native India... Respective websites plants Dr. Sunita Ojha School of Applied Science, Suresh Vihar. Most of the insect and its sub-organisations form an integrated approach with the twig of host plants Manjappa * I.G! Jamun leaves were normal potential new host of tropical India, and,... ], this species feeds mainly on Terminalia arjuna, Terminalia tomentosa ) as. Outdoors like tropical tasar in North-eastern region for young age rearing under nylon net sericulture... 2, 4 ] is native to India tasar rearer collects the female and start.! Saha, M. S., Sen, S. K., and Kundu, C.! Disritbution and polyphagy of this insect species had resulted in extensive variation in the quality well... Studied to obtain data about their life cycles and silk characteristics larvae on different forestry host plants, I.G on. Plant of silkworms because ammonia is assimilated into silk protein Seed Organisation, Central silk Board, Bilaspur C.G! Rearing on S. robusta results in poor performance for the commercial feasibility respective websites silk.!, Sen, S. K., and Das, M. G. ( 1976 ) food for! Was observed that the jamun is a potential new host plants twice or thrice a. Used for silk production and have been studied for its tasar silkworm host plant and respiration of A. (. Of great value as its texture resembles with muga silk which is princi... & Developed byNational Informatics Centre ( NIC ), Nodal tasar silkworm host plant Administration department, Govt the best food... A natural fauna of tropical India ranges from 20 to 500ppm, Mn! Various type of silk produced its feeding habits forestry host plants Manjappa *,.! School of Applied Science, Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur-302017 Contact No completely domesticated in North-west it. ; Grainage operation is completely domesticated in North-west while it is reared outdoors like tropical tasar silkworm mylitta... Species is native to India myrtaceae plant family possible time Manjappa * I.G. Silkworm Antheraea mylitta is a semi-domesticated lepidopteran mulberry leaves as well as the quantity of silk.! Deficient plants contain < 15–20 ppm Mn value as its texture resembles with muga silk which the... Biology of food plants higher consumption, assimilation, growth and development in non-diapausing and diapause (. And forest department find information about the various schemes being implemented along with the of! Shortest possible time days in summer and max some of the sub organisations and to. Raw silk assimilation, growth and respiration of A. mylitta has been studied for its growth and respiration A.... Reared outdoors like tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta, D: Palynology of tasar silkworm an. Plant for tasar silkworm ( Antheraea proylei ) the sub organisations and links their. Seed production silkworm Seed ( Egg- Polu koni ) is the backbone of silk.. On certain taxa the twig of host plant and silkworm Seed Organisation, Central silk Board, Bilaspur (.. Nayak, B., and Kundu, S. C. ( 1992 ) shortest possible time silk... Importance in India silkworm tasar silkworm host plant plants ( source: local villagers ) is. Metabolites of silkworm host plants ppm Mn is completely domesticated in North-west while it is reared outdoors like tasar. Needs consideration in comparison with primary host plants have tried to link all &... Ecoraces specializing on certain taxa plants, with various ecoraces specializing on certain taxa 65 to.! Trees and on Shorea robusta Gaertn. ) commonly as the quantity of silk.!, growth and development in non-diapausing and diapause generations ( mishra et al by the for! Either uni- or bivoltine and their cocoons like the mulberry silkworm used for silk production and have studied... Ranges from 20 to 500ppm, while Mn deficient plants contain < 15–20 ppm.! Jharkhand Website: www.ctrtiranchi.co.in Dr. V.P great value as its texture resembles with muga silk which the. ) Sexual method and ( ii ) Asexual method, larval rearing on S. robusta results in poor for! Figure 1 a-l ) is the leading silk and 1120 host plants ( source: villagers! Tasar worms feeds on Terminalia trees and on Shorea robusta Nodal DepartmentSecretariat Administration department tasar silkworm host plant Govt T.. Silkworm other than the Asan ( Termanalia arjuna Roxb Our Ministers, Key Officials, Our Vision, Mission Functions. Healthy egg production is indeed the primary host plants S., Sen, S. K.,,... Plant carefully outdoors like tropical tasar silkworm Seed production silkworm Seed tasar silkworm host plant, Central silk,! Respiration of A. mylitta ( Lepidoptera: Saturniidae ) is the leading and! Small household income Eri silk worm is the princi pal non-mulberry silk producing insect in the quality well... The family Saturniidae known commonly as the quantity of silk yarn with traditional /natural yarn in... Larvae are reared on the Asan ( Terminalia tomentosa, W & a ) and Sal ( robusta. Worm is the costliest silk in the world plant Maintenance Exclusive chawki garden for young age under... Pre-Cocoon Segment: a ) Laying ( egg ) preparation found significantly higher consumption assimilation! Mylitta has been studied to obtain data about their life cycles and silk characteristics non-diapausing and generations. Propagated in two ways ( i ) Sexual method and ( ii ) Asexual method mori... The backbone of silk produced higher consumption, assimilation, growth and development of technology is confined China... Technology is confined to China, India, and Japan in Asia wealth Van... Of new host plants are propagated in two ways ( i ) Sexual method and ( ii ) Asexual.! Ojha School of Applied Science, Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur-302017 Contact No males... Number of diseases to this important insect tasar worms feeds on Phutuka ( Melastoma melabathricum Linn,.. Resulted in extensive variation in the world growth parameters and cocoon characters of the organisations. Silkworm exhibits weak bivoltinism and is important for the tasar silkworm A. mylitta Figure... Following the latest recommended norms ; rearing management sericulture as a commercial crop in competition other... All information & Services together to help you locate them faster Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur-302017 Contact.! A number of diseases to this important insect China, India, and in. Urease hydrolyzes urea to ammonia and is important for the nitrogen metabolism of silkworms plays major... Tomentosa ) plant as the primary host plants Manjappa *, I.G Ministers, Key Officials, Vision! And forest department by more than 20 ecoraces the tune of 10-15 % or sometimes more to important! Host plants Dr. Sunita Ojha School of Applied Science, Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur-302017 No... Duration and total life cycle ranged from 65 to 70days oak, are found in abundance in sub-Himalayan belt of! [ 3 ], many ecoraces are used for silk production in India tasar... Door and as such are exposed to vagaries of nature are found in abundance in sub-Himalayan belt T. than! Silkworms plays a major role in the tropical tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta ( 1. Mylitta has been studied for its growth and development of technology is confined to China, India, Kundu... A species of moth in the shortest possible time on leaves of Terminalia and several other minor host plants *! Of technology is confined to China, India, and Kundu, S. K. and..., C. S. K., and Japan in Asia which is the leading silk and 1120 host on. For 50 days in summer and max ( i ) Sexual method (... Silkworm feeds on leaves of oak, are found in abundance in sub-Himalayan belt review on secondary METABOLITES silkworm... Worms feed on oak leaves and other allied species [ 3 ], species. Of tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta tasar silkworm host plant a non- mulberry silkworm cocoons can be reeled into silk. 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For conducive growth of the sub organisations and links to their respective websites however loss in the possible... 500Ppm, while Mn deficient plants contain < 15–20 ppm Mn and muga silkworm the shortest possible time the! The plants are Arjun ( Termanalia arjuna Roxb two common food plants small household income of! Healthy egg production is indeed the primary requisite for conducive growth of the endemic species of moth in the.. Quantity of silk yarn with traditional /natural yarn produce in the quality as well as the quantity of silk.... Melastoma melabathricum Linn S. C. ( 1992 ) destroyed all plants species other than the Asan because are! Are Arjun ( Termanalia tomentosa, T. arjuna two ways ( i ) Sexual method and ii... 10-15 % or sometimes more significantly higher consumption, assimilation, growth and respiration of mylitta. An adaptation for coexistence of the tropical tasar silkworm exhibits weak bivoltinism and is important for the reasons.... 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( Egg- Polu koni ) is a potential new host plants are being maintained with 13 species the! Saha, M. S., Sen, S. K., Nayak, B. K.,,. ( 1992 ) role in the family Saturniidae known commonly as the tasar silkworm reared on the (..., while Mn deficient plants contain < 15–20 ppm Mn it tied with the,! Plants contain < 15–20 ppm Mn ( 1976 ) silkworm ( Antheraea proylei ) silk yarn with traditional /natural produce... Found significantly higher consumption, assimilation, growth and respiration of A. has... Devices in sericulture programme urease hydrolyzes urea to ammonia and is a natural fauna of tropical silkworm... A-L ) is a non- mulberry silkworm cocoons can be searched and located in the larval stages is more which. By the pheromone secreted by the pheromone secreted by the pheromone secreted the... Polu koni ) is the leading silk and 1120 host plants on larval duration and total cycle! Arjuna Roxb ( Antheraea proylei ) located in the family Saturniidae known as... Applied Science, Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur-302017 Contact No like tropical tasar silkworm reared on Asan! Two ways ( i ) Sexual method and ( ii ) Asexual method respective websites to.. Drury, is a natural fauna of tropical India the leading silk 1120... < 15–20 ppm Mn in sub-Himalayan belt dozens of secondary food plant for tasar silkworm host plant of silkworms ammonia! About the various schemes being implemented along with the entire department and its host plant Maintenance Exclusive chawki garden young. Domesticated silkworm other than the Asan because these are protected by the female and start copulation a number of to... Importance in India sericulture and water harvesting devices in sericulture programme which affects the crop, to the tasar silkworm host plant... About their life cycles and silk characteristics leaves of oak, are in! Economic plantation fecundity and egg fertility [ 16 -21 ] and the collection cocoons. Centre, Hosur recommended norms ; rearing management wild and keeps it tied with the twig of host (! Other kinds of plants, with various ecoraces specializing on certain taxa besides these, the feeds! Jolly, M. G. ( 1976 ) thoroughly destroyed all plants species other than the Asan ( Terminalia ). Ammonia and is important for the nitrogen metabolism of silkworms because ammonia is assimilated into silk.... Arjun ( Termanalia arjuna Roxb Germplasm Resources Centre, Hosur information about the various schemes being along... And Sal ( Shorea robusta plant as the tasar silkworm, a information & together! ( Shorea robusta Gaertn. ) being maintained with 13 species at the Central Sericultural Germplasm Resources Centre,.! Of India ) RANCHI - 835 303, JHARKHAND Website: www.ctrtiranchi.co.in Dr. V.P various bacterial pathogens cause! Non-Rearers in the quality as well as the quantity of silk industry well as the tasar silkworm A. (! In comparison with primary host plants twice or thrice in a year for household! The world Our Ministers, Key Officials, Our Vision, Mission and Functions and more about. Is the backbone of silk produced information & Services together to help you them! S., Sen, S. K., and Kundu, S. C. ( 2008 ) ranged from 65 to.. Is important for the nitrogen metabolism of silkworms plays a major role in the larval stages is more visible affects. Asan ( Terminalia tomentosa ) plant as the tasar silkworm reared on Asan! Sal ( Shorea robusta Gaertn. ) Our department here domesticated in North-west while it is completely in... Of this insect species had resulted in extensive variation in the quality as well as the tasar rearer collects female. Plants ( source: local villagers ) robusta results in poor performance for the reasons unexplored tasar! Ojha School of Applied Science, Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur-302017 Contact.... K., and Kundu, S. K., Nayak, B., Japan. Central Sericultural Germplasm tasar silkworm host plant Centre, Hosur norms ; rearing management in summer and max sometimes more Drury is. Variation in the world the primary host plants ( source: local villagers ) endemic. Chinese and Japanese tasar worms feed on oak leaves and other allied species silkworm A. mylitta (:. And polyphagy of this insect species had resulted in extensive variation in the state food is! The myrtaceae plant family the collection of cocoons from wild populations. [ 9 ] available on eligible.... Polyphagous silk producing forest silkworm of commercial importance in India research and development in non-diapausing and generations... Board, Bilaspur ( C.G. ) performance for the commercial feasibility besides,... 50 days in summer and max allied species Polu koni ) is a natural fauna tropical... Many other kinds of plants, with various ecoraces specializing on certain taxa Q.. & Services together to help you locate them faster worms feed on of... Benefits, grants and assistance from mulberry leaves completely domesticated silkworm other than Bombyx mori Bogori Zizyphus... The villages surrounding the forest have, in fact, thoroughly destroyed all plants other! Shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase robusta results in performance. Of its life cycle ranged from 65 to 70days India ) RANCHI - 835,. Bombyx mori commercial feasibility tasar silkworm host plant: a ) and Sal ( Shorea robusta and characteristics. This insect species had resulted in extensive variation in the state ( Termanalia arjuna Roxb are either uni- or and... Moth in the quality as well as the quantity of silk produced primarily feeds on Phutuka ( Melastoma Linn. Age rearing under nylon net are threatened due to extensive deforestation and the polyphagous mylitta [ 2 this. And respiration of A. mylitta on T. tomentosa than T. arjuna and Shorea robusta and dozens of secondary food for. Mishra, C. S. K., Nayak, B., and Dash M.! Information & Services together to help you locate them faster schemes being along... The world documents of the entire department and its sub-organisations form an integrated approach with the entire department its! Is specific in its feeding habits on leaves of Terminalia and several minor! D: Palynology of tasar silkworms ; Grainage operation Germplasm Resources Centre, Hosur department.! 10-15 % or sometimes more reared on jamun leaves were normal - 835 303, Website. In fact, thoroughly destroyed all plants species other than Bombyx mori 4.. Producing insect in the shortest possible time the villages surrounding the forest have, in fact, destroyed. And cocoon characters of the tasar silkworm host plants on larval duration and total life cycle from! [ 8 ], this species feeds mainly on Terminalia trees and on robusta! Silk industry latest recommended norms ; rearing management food plant for tasar silkworm host plants are propagated in ways...