While that seems like plenty, it all takes place in only a six-to-eight-month period. Southern Africa includes South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Swaziland and Lesotho, but most of the taxa included in this compilation are present in South Africa proper. South Africa is the third most biodiverse country in the world and inhabitants have for centuries employed the help of indigenous medicinal plants. Seed plants of southern Africa: families and genera. Indeed, the word “lithops” comes from the Greek for “stone-like appearance.” Strelitzia 10. Lithops are mimicry plants that imitate the appearance of stones. The guide is aimed at covering primarily the area of South Africa, but if the necessary information and photographs were found, the distribution within neighbouring countries is indicated on the distribution maps. Elephant. Here is a collection of stunners that can be grown as annuals or perennials (depending on your climate) in the US: A phytochemical investigation of Craterocapsa tarsodes, a plant used for the treatment of epilepsy by the Northern Sotho people of South Africa F. V. Heerden , A. M. Viljoen , S. P. Mohoto , A. Jäger Spathodea campanulata is one of the most spectacular flowering plants that is indigenous to the tropical dry forests of… Southern Africa has a total of 225 plant families with the 52 largest families covering over 90% of the flora. Includes red data lists, outlines of biomes and floral kingdoms, details on weeds and invader plants. About 80% of the region’s population relies on medicinal plants for its primary health care needs. These are arranged into about 2180 genera, which in … The country has a range of different habitat types and an ecologically rich and diverse wildlife, vascular plants being particularly abundant, many of them endemic to the country. Browse succulents by origin: South Africa - Plant information, facts and uses, photos, growing tips, where to buy, and more. Information Library. Comprehensively updated, it now features range maps for most groups. The Wildlife of Southern Africa: A Field Guide to the Animals and Plants of the Region by. 20,000. plant species are found in South Africa – an astonishing 10% of all plants found on Earth. It has 66 888 plant species (including medicinals) of which 3 666 are endemic. Lithops are unusual plants that generally grow in the western areas of South Africa. The food plant data for southern Africa were also compared to sub-Saharan Africa and the entire world. South Africa's climates range from coastal to … The ericas (Eri… The rest of the year, the grasslands are almost completely dry. These biomes are discussed in more detail in Module # 4 - Component # 3 - Vegetation types of Southern Africa. This site displays photos of wildflowers taken in the Eastern and Western Cape Province of South Africa, and at several botanical gardens in Southern California. Detailed information about plants native to Southern Africa and South Africa maintained by members of the National Botanical Institute of South Africa. A field guide to the wildlife of southern Africa, describing over 2,000 plants and animals, with clear illustrations in full colour. Pages in category "Garden plants of Southern Africa" The following 76 pages are in this category, out of 76 total. The content in this key is based on the material presented in Leistner (ed.) South Africa has an incredible diversity in plant life for a country of 463,000 square miles. This book has been a trusted field companion for many years. Zami’s haven’t always been popular, commercial propagation of the species only began in 1996 by Dutch nurseries. About this book . South Africa's national flower, the giant protea is part of a plant family scattered from South Africa to Madagascar and Australia. South Africa has an intensely rich botanical heritage, and many of the ornamental plants that grace international gardens have South African roots. Worse, some regions receive as little as six inches of rainfall, making them little more hospitable than … In this comprehensive flora for the aquatic and wetland plants of southern Africa, 482 species, subspecies or varieties are dealt with; they are given full descriptions, ecological notes, distribution and illustrations. Most spectacular in flower are the proteas (Proteaceae), which include the king protea – the national flower – and others of broadly similar shape, the pincushion leucospermum types, and spiky leucadendrons. These plants vary from opportunistic to positive facultative plants, and may be found in, or in close proximity to, a wetland. This reference may be consulted for further information not presented in this key. The Zamioculcas is a tropical perennial plant native to south-eastern Africa, from the southern Kenya to north eastern South Africa. The ZZ Plant is known by many names, including Zanzibar Gem, Zuzu Plant, Emerald Palm and the Eternity Plant. It also includes an essay on Cape flora, maps, an etymology of South African plant names, and a list of both print and internet references. The Cape Floral Kingdom alone has nearly 9000 species and is the most diverse temperate flora on earth. Impressive in stature and … Elephants are among the largest terrestrial animals in the world. This southwestern area of South Africa is the home of the fynbos (an Afrikaans word meaning “fine bush”), which is composed of ericas (heathers), proteas and the grass-like restios. The large number of plant species in this region (ca. 2000. The island nation of Madagascar is excluded because of its distinct language and cultural heritage. Depending on the region, the savanna can receive between 20 and 50 inches of rainfall annually. The colour range is vast. The wildlife of South Africa consists of the flora and fauna of this country in southern Africa. Our collection of documents and journal articles about South African plants and related topics. Delta Books, Johannesburg. Oxalis pes-caprae (wild sorrel) The whole plant is edible, and it has a nice sharp taste. However, medicinal plant dive rsity is in decline due to a variety of reasons. Southern Africa has well over 30 000 species of higher plants. Surprisingly, it was found that the Apocynaceae was the most species-rich family of southern Africa food plants, with a total of 137 species, followed by the Fabaceae (135 species), Asteraceae (94 species) and Poaceae (73 species). (4) supplies may be drawn from a long distance away - from 200-500 km for fuelwood in many African cities (Leach and Mearns, 1989) and as far as 800-1200 km for certain medicinal plants in west Africa such as Entada africana and Swartzia madagascariensis or Synaptolepis kirkii in southern Africa (Cunningham, 1988a). alisha66: 14-Jan-2011 06:21: More than 22,000 different species of seed plants indigenous in the skeleton coast of southern Africa. Food from the veld: Edible wild plants of southern Africa botanically identified and described. People’s plants: A guide to useful plants of … Best Field Guides Books that succeed in describing the biota of a region. This website provides access to South African plant names (taxa), specimens (herbarium sheets) and observations of plants made in the field (botanical records). This list may not reflect recent changes (). Ashwagandha known as Ubuvimbho in South Africa, is used for its roots internally but the berries and leaves are toxic-and the leaves are only used externally. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. Southern Africa is a globally recognized centre of biodiversity richness and endemism. Southern Africa has seven different biomes each representing different plants with unique features that favour the area in which it exists. People's Plants is a photographic guide to the useful plants of Southern Africa. It is sour due … By far the greatest challenge facing any life on the savanna is the inconsistent rain patterns. South Africa is home to over 22,000 different species of plants that are ordered into 2,180 genuses of 227 plant families. Succulents of Southern Africa, published by Honeyguide Publications, is the most extensive photographic publication of general succulent plants of this region yet produced.Nothing else is available currently to the extent, lavish style and user-friendliness of this work. Southern Africa, southernmost region of the African continent, comprising the countries of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Update of Arnold & De Wet (1993) Plants of Southern Africa: Names and Distribution.Expanded to include information on life cycle, habit, height of plant and altitude together with updated data on taxa, literature references, synonyms and regional distribution.
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