In these situations this may be termed a “correction” (this is a statistical concept). Society has in many ways been completely reshaped. Population growth impacts our economic future and the resources needed for sustainability. But is this growth always a good thing? Monitoring populations and helping with the individual causes of unhealthy rapid population growth may help to prevent sustained overpopulation. Creation  favorable condition to women delays the marriage and lower fertility. The consequences of such an event are severe and major. It creates not only national problems but also a family and individual problems. Problems of rapid population growth. Density of population should also be considered. Rapid population growth has adverse effects on socio-economic and environmental aspects. When population growth becomes "rapid" there is a great chance that the counter-productive level has been reached. For instance, a rise in consumption resulting from increased consumer confidence or a cut in income tax may encourage firms to increase their output. Causes and Consequences of Rapid Population Growth 1. Some of the major effects are as follows: 1. Rapid population growth also known as population explosions destroys the economic and social structure in the economy. Highly increased population needs different types of basic goods and services such as safe  drinking water, sufficient health and education services, sanitation, security etc. When the increase of population  is higher, the growth rate if GDP is lower. Copyright © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd., all rights reserved. In other words, while some areas may have large numbers of births, they may not realize an increase in their population if the death rate is sufficient to offset the birthrate. One example of these problems was London after the Industrial Revolution. 178 Consequences of Rapid Population Growth tention and funding to the determinants side of population growth and in particular to the operational problems of birth control programs. Waste management of such populations is also difficult to handle effectively and can result in pollution and detriment to the environment. As our aging population soars, so does the need for increase medical and long-term care support. ** When population growth becomes “rapid” there is a great chance that the counter-productive level has been reached. The Food production cannot increases in population. This increases the living standard of people. But the creation of New employment oppournities are very few. In areas of poverty and lower living conditions, birth rates are sometimes higher. Besides, rapid population growth leads to the migration of large numbers to urban areas with industrialization. Unemployment is a serious issue facing African countries where there is rapid population growth. Rapid population growth has degraded the environment. The expansion of health facility especially in the rural areas reduces the birth rate automatically. With sustained growth and rapid growth though there is a risk of overpopulation. With the increase of population comes adverse problems such as scarcity of resources, rampant corruption, and a rise in crimes. Growing demand for these goods and services especially in the urban and terai belt in Nepal, high pressure falls  to the government and most of the budget  will spend in regular expenditure. Causes and Consequences of Rapid Population Growth 1. Population Growth and Income Growth: During 1950-51 and 1999-00, India’s national in­come (at 1993-94 prices) increased by 4.4% per annum. Amy Jorgensen has ghostwritten more than 100 articles and books on raising and training animals. While it may seem evident that starvation may cause discontent, scientific studies have recently shown correlation between overpopulation and civil unrest. In under developed countries, rapid growth of population diminishes the availability of capital per head which reduces the productivity of its labour force. Moreover, there is tremendous demand for land for construction purposes. Effects of Population Growth in Nigeria – Consequences and Implications By Chibuzor Aguwa February 14, 2019 The high population growth of Nigeria is described as a “risk factor” by the Economic Recovery and Growth … This chapter shows that rapid population. This unit addresses: (1) the definition of overpopulation (2) the causes of rapid population growth, (3) the consequences of rapid population growth, and (4) ac-tions and strategies that can be developed to solve problems caused by overpopula-tion. population growth in developing countries and regions is not serious intensifier and multiplier of those integral components of underdevelopment. High fertility rates have historically been strongly correlated with poverty, and high childhood mortality rates. many countries have managed to raise average. The dust particles, various types of pollutants emitted from different industries, vehicles mix in the air and they pollute the atmosphere. Among the most definite and devastating effects of overpopulation i… growthat rates above 2 percent, common in most. High population growth has been the cause of many social economic problems in Nepal Which are discussed below: High Population growth creates the food scarcity in the economy. Mozambique, one of the countries featured in the 2011 State of World Population, is a place where persistent high fertility goes hand-in-hand with poverty and gender inequality. D. An increase in the use of coal. This can result in birth rates higher than those of industrialized nations where birth control is ubiquitous and pregnancy is put off for some time. The size and demographics of the population change when: 1. fewer children are born; 2. families with children move to larger towns and cities; 3. young and better-educated people move to larger towns and cities. Population growth, even rapid population growth, can be a positive thing. This fragmentation of land leads to decrease in productivity of land because it is difficult to apply modern technology in the small size of land. This rapid population growth has an adverse effect on the natural resources and quality of life. Highly increased population may spoil the whole ecological system of our government. Effect # 1. The people of hilly and mountain regions of Nepal Frequently face the problems of famine and starvation as well. Another result is insufficient land to produce crops. There can be a variety of causes for rapid population growth. Due to this, different social problems arise. The permanent and temporary devices of family planning services should be adequately made available either force of cost or at nominal cost. The government in unable to fulfill all the facilities to the increased population. This results in hunger and ultimately starvation. A lack of food caused malnutrition, and poor waste management led to contaminated water supplies, which caused high levels of disease, such as typhoid and cholera. The beneficial effects of developmental changes will diminish if they lack support of the right macroeconomic and sectoral policies. In many areas of unstable populations higher numbers of civil conflict within the area exist. Growing population brings changes in social values and beliefs, cultural behavior, traditions and custom… Population Growth Exercise What are the environmental and social consequences of rapid population growth in rural developing areas? Shows that the rapid population growth common in most developing countries today halts development, ... and policies to reduce population growth. This, in turn, minimizes the savings and lowers the living standard among the general population. Rapid human population growth has a variety of consequences. This time series of images shows the growth of the city between 1976, when the population was 6 million, and 1989, when the population was 9 million, and 2004, when the population was 13 million. Female education helps to reduce fertility rate. Monitoring populations and helping with the individual causes of unhealthy rapid population growth may help to prevent sustained overpopulation. The size of active labour force increases by four lakh every year in Nepal. Managing rapid population growth . Two general schools of thought surround the perceived effects of population growth. Examples include corrections when the rapid growth may actually supply a population that wouldn't have existed to contribute otherwise. As our aging population soars, so does the need for increase medical and long-term care support. Their income, as a consequence, is reduced and their capacity to save is diminished which, in turn, adversely affects capital formation. Social. Urbanization is key to economic growth and development. Hence, it is essential to control the growth of population. C. Migration to Canada, the United States, Australia, and New Zealand. Rapid population growth has become so wide spread that it … It’s not always “the more the merrier”. Some negative effects of population growth are insecurity, crime, unemployment, underdevelopment, inequitable sharing of resources, and increased pollution of the environment. Unscientific farming system and deforestation are the causes of soil erosion. According to a research, the last two centuries witnessed population explosion with the number increasing from 1 billion in the year 1800 to 7.6 billion in 2017 and various studies expect this … The Federal Government of Nigeria declares the nation’s growth as one of the unsustainable factors of the economy of the country. The purpose of this unit is to examine some important factors about overpopula-tion. Poverty also increases with the increase in population . development. Employment oppournities cannot increase as population increases consequently unemployment is increasing. However, overpopulation has a deleterious effect on the environment due to the current lifestyle. Due to this reason, unemployment is highly increasing with increase in size of popultion. The lack of land results in a number of things which result in negative impact on the population. The subsequent analysis of the economic consequences of rapid population growth--chiefly, effects on technological change, capital formation, and labor absorption--seeks to identify generalizations broadly valid across institutional settings. High fertility rates have historically been strongly correlated with poverty, and high childhood mortality rates. In this respect, various consequences of population growth are as … In developing areas of the world, population growth can seem to have a positive effect on local economies. High rate of infant mortality is certain in a growing population because of social pressure; High mobility will also result in a rapidly growing population; Rapid population growth is always accompanied by food shortages; African cities can provide access to a large pool of labour, cost-effective access to suppliers, and specialized services to firms, which, as a result, makes these cities attractive to more firms and can also raise the income levels in these cities. Some negative effects of population growth are insecurity, crime, unemployment, underdevelopment, inequitable sharing of resources, and increased pollution of the environment. Rapid growth of population has led to urbanization which has adversely affected environment. Without adequate land per individual the quality of housing decreases. Rapid Population growth is a major obstacle of development in developing countries like Nepal. people should face the problem of hand to  mouth because of their low income level. Rapid Population Growth 2. Rapid population growth helps overstrain educational systems and local economies and can be a challenge to any government. Population grows fastest in the world’s poorest countries. can be accommodated: in the past three decades. It has been esti­mated that shortage of housing is 23.1 million units. World Economy: Rapid population growth also affects UDCs in … This encourages the people to have fewer children. A large number of people in the rural areas as well as in the urban areas are forced to survive in deprived situation under the pressure of mass poverty. There are several direct consequences of overpopulation:. Additional people provide a workforce necessary to generate goods and services. This is evident from the experience of advanced countries like japan, singapore, the USA, the UK etc. Rapid Population Growth 2. A newer correlation that has only recently been adequately studied to comment on is the effects on social stability of overpopulation. Illiterate and uneducated people have no knowledge about the family planning and the advantage of small family. Because of the population explosion in London, living space was minimal, leading to overcrowded conditions. Welfare B. Consequences of Rapid Population Growth: An Overview and Assessment Geoffrey McNicoll In the continuing spate of attention to population issues in social science research, the subject of the consequences of population growth, the main reason for that attention in the first place, receives much less than its due. There can be a variety of causes for rapid population growth. Social. High Economic development is the effective medicine to control population in the developing countries like Nepal. Women’s are highly dominated as well as exploited by men mostly rural women are illiterate,backward and ignorant in many respects. Effect # 5. 5 The consequences of rapid population growth. Women constitute  a strong part of nation a strong part of nation for the overall development. The increased concentration of carbon- dioxide, nitrogen oxide and sulpher dioxides in the atmosphere causes acid rain. However, when urbanization is rapid and unplanned, a combination of high population density, poverty and lack of infrastructure can have the opposite effect, fostering conditions for communicable diseases to flourish. For the effective control of population, family planning services  should be extended sufficiently in the rural areas of Nepal. Additional people provide a workforce necessary to generate goods and services. These negative effects lead to subsequent problems such as clashes and fighting for dwindling resources, poor sanitation, and drug abuse. Available facilities become insufficient for the growing population. Problems of rapid population growth. Rapid growth is a quick increase in population. With sustained growth and rapid growth though there is a risk of overpopulation. Therefore, level of income, saving and investment decrease in the country. It hurdles  the economic growth and reduces the standard of living of people. When the level of overpopulation is reached, a number of negative effects can occur and a number of startling correlations are being discovered. By implementation of proper education, awareness programmers to people they know about the family planning and advantages of small famil. This rapid population growth has an adverse effect on the natural resources and quality of life. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Remedial Measures of High population Growth, 3.Providing sufficient family  planning services, Comparison between Marshall and Robbins Definition economic, Ek Chihaan (एक चिहान) Nepali Novel by Hridaya Chandra Singh Pradhan. Talking about overpopulation shows that while there are many factors that can increase the d… The subsequent analysis of the economic consequences of rapid population growth--chiefly, effects on technological change, capital formation, and labor absorption--seeks to identify generalizations broadly valid across institutional settings. What does this constant growth mean? These can be catastrophic and cause repercussions in the process. Correlations like these often risk being self-sustaining and can spiral. This gap between population growth and GDP growth will be wider resulting in slow growth rate of per capita income. These are usually immediate, or short lived, occurrences and can cause rapid growth. Therefore, population is a perpetual challenge to developing countries like Nepal. Rapid Population growth is a major obstacle of development in developing countries like Nepal. 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