Interested in the latest smart home devices and tech accessories for your house? The two types of finishes traditionally used on guitars are nitro-cellulose lacquer and polyurethane. Essentially a plastic in the form of a liquid until it dries, polyurethane is available in … It's okay to shake wipe-on polys, however. It does this by serving as a highly resistant barrier which protects your paint from rain, dirt, mud, fungus, and mold. Do this before and during application to evenly blend the ingredients that control sheen and UV resistance. Pricing: $70 – $80 a gallon. For our purposes, we’ll discuss how it works for bathtub and countertop refinishing, but this paint boasts a long list of possible uses. Urethane paints carry another advantage in this area--manufacturers have made tintable urethane primers available, further reducing the possibility of showing through the top coats. It’s recommended that you use either a brush or spray it on. Not easy to sand and will clog sandpaper fast. It's a kind of super-tough varnish formulated so that its microscopic chains of resin molecules will bond tightly with one another as it dries. I won’t go into details, because … Wash the surface. Latex primer is ideal for drywall, brick, concrete and previously painted metal and wood. This water-based enamel resists yellowing compared to traditional oil based coatings and creates a hard durable finish that withstands the wear and tear of frequently cleaned and used areas. Polyurethane retains a reputation as a common type of paint for many household tasks. It’s important to note that your paint should be fully cured before you apply a layer of polyurethane. Use this guide to learn more about how to choose the best type of polyurethane and apply it to furniture to bring out the beauty of wood around your house. In the most simplistic explanation, it is basically liquid plastic. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. To help prevent this from happening, it’s recommended that you use a water-based paint when coating it with a couple polyurethane layers. The best part? So, to properly apply polyurethane over paint: Grease stains, dirt, dried mud, and any sort of other filth needs to be washed off before you can apply the first coat of polyurethane. Because polyurethane is a clear finish, it can bring out the beauty of wood. How often should you clean the paint spray guns available in the market while working with Polyurethane? Get the latest This Old House news, trusted tips, tricks, and DIY Smarts projects from our experts–straight to your inbox. It dries fast and clear as long as care is taken when applying coats, has low odor, and is less toxic than polyurethane. Give cabinets, doors and trim a smooth, luxurious finish with Emerald® Urethane Trim Enamel. Recommended cutting with a 150-180-grit paper. Use three or four coats for the best results. The real difference between these two polyurethanes is that oil-based polyurethane has an amber tint to it whereas water-based polyurethane is clear. Every poly has its preferred applicator, typically a brush or cloth. Polyurethane coatings are also produced as single-component systems which cure upon exposure to heat, oxygen, or moisture. Choose between oil-based and water-based polyurethane. It’s durable, flexible, and resilient. But when the dust (and fiberglass) settles, you'll enjoy a fatter bank account and more comfortable indoor temps year-round. When etching the surface, you can do this by hand, or you can also use a palm sander. Press Esc to cancel. Use this form to ask a home-repair question and you could be featured! Polyurethane originally was an oil-based varnish with more plasticity than older varnishes or paints. I do this after the large areas are dry so I don’t smudge adjacent areas. All rights reserved. This process helps increase the polyurethane adhesion by deglossing the finish while also cleaning it too. Finish with 400 wet or dry if you plan to paint directly over it. Steps to Take. You can take a ½ cup of trisodium phosphate and mix it with warm water. Add a small amount of paint thinner to the cup. Typically, you’ll never need more than two coats. Weve had so many questions about urethane vs polyurethane we decided it was time to share a little on the subject from the polymer chemistry and the historical marketing side of the automotive aftermarket industry. In addition to reading the directions on the can, keep these basics in mind. Use a soft sponge or rag and a powerful detergent to clean up the painted surface. The harder the paint is, the better the polyurethane will work. In addition to this, polyurethane will not rust, it’s not affected by mold and mildew, it can withstand extremely hot and cold temperatures, and when it comes to wet surfaces, it’s is one of the best choices to use. Before you fill up your sprayer’s tank with pure polyurethane, remember to prime a project beforehand. It is used for comfort, style, and durability. A popular choice for cabinets and trim, it also protects wood. Scraping the bristles over the edge of a container leaves the brush too dry to apply a coat of the right thickness. Well first, polyurethane protects your paint and makes it last a whole lot longer. Type above and press Enter to search. By doing this, you’ll remove small dust particles in addition to squishing and flatting any bubbles that have became hard in the finish. It comes in either water based, oil based, or a mixture of the 2. You can purchase it at your local hardware store. It is widely used in the automotive industry because of its durability. Polyurethane wood finish is used to coat surfaces, protecting them from scratches and helping to resist water damage. A dry microfiber cloth also works well with both finishes. Dust interferes with adhesion and leaves unsightly bumps in the finish. Before you add a few polyurethane layers over dried paint, you’ll need make a few preparations before you can get started. Urethane paint was first created in the mid-1960s, utilizing the newly-developed plastics technology of that era, to be superior to enamel paint in terms of durability. Polyurethane can even help prevent the color of the paint from fading as a result of being exposed to the sun. Some polys have oils that give wood a warm, amber tone. Polyurethane is like a liquid plastic, often either a pure synthetic plastic or a blend with resin. Vary rarely will you ever need a 3rd. Bonus: Using Polyurethane Over Paint. Can You Have Stained Doors With Painted Trim. If the paint isn't dry, the polyurethane could dissolve it and leave you with a sticky mess. *Must use at least a 2.0 tip … Acetone-based nail-polish remover softens lacquer. And since this is my last time painting my kitchen cabinets for many years, they deserve the nicest sprayed finish I can give them. We show you how to make a DIY shadow box using an old wooden door in 15 steps. Tips & Tricks: Master in Applying Polyurethane For Your Project. Working from a separate container prevents the dust and other particles picked up by the brush from contaminating the finish in the can. Polyurethane is a very useful product with multiple uses. Polyurethane is a clear varnish that dries to a hard, solid finish. Clean the tile prior to application and read the label of the polyurethane you buy to ensure there are no special application instructions. Polyurethane often gets used to refinish wooden furniture, walls or even antique cars. Although polyurethane is mainly used on stained wood due to the durable finish it provides, some homeowners use it over paint. Thinning your polyurethane out can cause it to run excessively. Wipe the wood with a damp cloth to raise the fibers; after the surface dries, knock them back with 220-grit sandpaper. Some polys also come in aerosol spray cans. You can use either a brush or roller to apply, and it goes on the paint a lot easier than applying polyurethane to bare wood. Before using the brush, rapidly roll the handle between your hands inside a cardboard box to eliminate excess. Apply thin coats. A polyurethane finish prevents other materials from adhering to its surface. Too much brushing can leave these fast-drying polys rough and ragged. Yes, it's a messy job. Polyurethane has a longer life-span than rubber, paint, foam, or other applications. Use Wipe-On Poly for Small or Tight Areas. Types. Unlike Acrylic Enamels that have a Urethane Hardener paint that is produced as a Urethane Paint must always use a hardener. Water drops turn wax white in about 10 minutes. Coating wood cabinetry, furniture, or trim with a clear finish, whether you stain it or not, gives it richness and depth while protecting it from knocks, scrapes, and the weather. A polyurethane paint (PU paint) is a hard-wearing, highly-resistant coating used in industrial and architectural coating systems for steelwork, concrete, wood, and other substrates. In addition to this, oil-based polyurethane has a stronger scent to it and tends to dry slower than water-based polyurethane. Our goal is to give those interested in learning th… Rigid Polyurethane Foam Rigid polyurethane and polyisocyanurate (polyiso) foams create one of the world's most popular, energy-efficient and versatile insulations. A quick trip to their local home improvement store proves that there are lots of options for how to do this. You’ll have to prime, sand and use oil-based paint in order for your paint to stick to the finish of your wooden furniture. Most exterior polys can be used indoors, but interior polys should never be used outdoors; they lack the additives that protect exterior finishes from UV rays. Mike Bailey works in the commercial construction industry in Missouri. Sometimes “polyurethane” is used to describe the latter polyol product even though, technically, they are both polyurethane coatings. When applying your polyurethane, make sure you don’t use a roller. Don't use rollers or foam brushes—they create bubbles. Use a cloth dampened with mineral spirits on oil-based finishes; use a water-dampened cloth on water-based finishes. Polyurethane Applications Explore the many uses of polyurethanes, which range from flexible foam in upholstered furniture, to rigid foam as insulation in walls and roofs, to thermoplastic polyurethane used in medical devices and footwear, to coatings, adhesives, sealants and elastomers used on floors and automotive interiors. If you do decide to spray on your polyurethane, you don’t have to thin it out. This makes it ideal for … As a result, you won’t have to replace it as often. Use natural bristle for oil-based finishes and synthetic filament (polyester, nylon, or a blend of the two) for water-based and water-based oil-modified finishes. At the 2020 Farmhouse in Fairfield County, builder Jerry Effren desired the look of a traditional New England barn that has been modernized over time, along with a contemporary farmhouse. It leaves behind tiny bits of steel that you can't see—until they rust. Understanding the differences between lacquer vs. polyurethane durability can help you to make a wise choice when it comes to finishing y… Nitro finishes and polyurethane both have their advantages and … Just remember that the glossier the finish, the more it will show any underlying imperfections and any future wear and tear. The Polyurethane Paint. Restrictions on VOC emissions have spurred the development of alternatives to oil-based polys. Polyurethane is used as a black wrapping for timepiece bracelets over the main material which is generally stainless steel. It really depends on your preference, but if you’re wanting to apply polyurethane to a floor, it’s advised that you use a floor buffer with a 120-grit sanding screen. All-purpose primers are acceptable for most applications. video for Easy to Maintain Siding with a Modern Spin | 2020 Farmhouse in Fairfield County, Historical Paint Colors Making a Comeback, This Tool Takes the Guesswork out of Picking Paint Colors, The Ultimate Tool for Paint: 17-in-1 Painter’s Tool. After dipping about one-third of the brush into the finish, gently slap it against the inside of the container. Comparing Polyurethane Coatings with Epoxy Coatings One of the significant advantages of a polyurethane coating is … Large and/or deep scratches can be visible under the polyurethane. Wax isn't durable and will interfere with any subsequent coats. Grease stains, dirt, dried mud, and any sort of other filth needs to be washed off … This is a really effective cleaning solution. Depends on where you purchase from. Depending on the formula, it can be rigid to make patio furniture, or liquid for paints and varnishes. Some polys have oils that give wood a warm, amber tone. How To Paint Over Polyurethane Painting over polyurethane requires patience, time, and effort. It is a reaction polymer, a combination of a polyol resin and an isocyanate hardener or curing agent. The result is a finish that's much more resistant to water, solvents, abrasion, and impacts than traditional varnishes. The term urethane and polyurethane has been thrown around a lot in the industry and used by sales & marketing professionals to present their product in the best light. Why? it’s recommended that you use a water-based paint when coating it with a couple polyurethane layers. Use sandpaper instead. The result is a finish that's much more resistant to water, solvents, abrasion, and impacts than traditional varnishes. Do not fill it to the top. A priming mixture for polyurethane is simply a 2 to 1 ratio of polyurethane to paint thinner. So, since I used my new favorite polyurethane over the paint on my cabinet doors, naturally I’ll be using it on my cabinets, too. Apply your first coat and then let the polyurethane dry for the time listed on the container. Add the polyurethane to the container and then add half that amount of paint … It's the best way to work the finish into the wood pores and ensure an even appearance. Using the durable board and batten siding from LP Smartside, Jerry and his team created a functional and customized look for the home. If you want wood to keep its light color, use a water-based poly. Oil-based polyurethane is very durable, making it the best choice for finishing wooden floors or furniture that gets a lot of use, such as a kitchen table… Apply your second coat. Believe it not, apply polyurethane over paint is incredibly easy to do, and creates a smooth, durable clear finish. Flexible polyurethane foam accounts for about 30 percent of the entire North American polyurethane market, and is used largely for bedding, furniture and in the automotive industry. Easy to Maintain Siding with a Modern Spin | 2020 Farmhouse in Fairfield County. So, how do you polyurethane over paint? Without some kind of finish to protect it from the elements, wood can become as dry and lifeless as day-old toast. Using 220-grit paper helps ensure good adhesion and smooths away imperfections. It also has the advantage of being a surface that can be applied over enamel if the enamel-painted surface is prepared first. Some contain chemicals that prevent good adhesion. Most guitar companies use polyurethane. Your brush will be easier to clean, and will go longer between cleanings, if its bristles are dipped first in mineral spirits, if you're using an oil-based poly, or in water, if the finish is water-based. Polyurethane. It can be applied to most types of plastic, fibreglass, wood, metal and fabrics. Rollers tend to leave bubbles. After your polyurethane has fully dried, you’ll want to scuff scratch up the surface again with a piece of 120-grit sandpaper. Fender used nitro until the late 1960s and Martin and Gibson still use nitro finishes on their guitars. Exterior polyurethane contains polyurethane resin, a flatting agent that reduces the gloss, ultraviolet absorber and solvent. After you are done sanding, wipe the dust away with a damp cloth. Learning how to apply polyurethane can give wood furniture and flooring a glossy, smooth finish while improving its durability. Enamel traditionally refers to oil-based paint which dries very hard and will not rewet. The oil-based format is slightly more resistant to heat well water-based polyurethane has less odor. This will save you both time and money. In paint, it's available in satin, semigloss and high-gloss finishes. Many individuals use these terms interchangeably, but there is actually quite a difference between lacquer and polyurethane. Urethane painted surfaces are minimally affected by ultraviolet rays, making the paint a good choice for outdoor surfaces. If either lacquer or wax are present, strip them before proceeding. However, there are some oil-based paints when coated with polyurethane have been known to turn a yellowish color overtime. Once your painted surface is dry, then you’ll want to equip yourself with a 120-grit sandpaper, so you can scratch the surface. It's a kind of super-tough varnish formulated so that its microscopic chains of resin molecules will bond tightly with one another as it dries. Polyurethane is a plastic-based resin, and is used to manufacture anything from furniture to baby toys. Can You Paint Over Polyurethane? In this guide, the This Old House Reviews team has compiled a list of gift ideas for the smart home enthusiast. You can choose from polyurethane, lacquer, shellac, or even varnish. Polyurethane polymers are traditionally and most commonly formed by reacting a di- or triisocyanate with a polyol.Since polyurethanes contain two types of monomers, which polymerise one after the other, they are classed as alternating copolymers.Both the isocyanates and polyols used to make polyurethanes contain, on average, two or more functional groups per molecule. Most polyurethanes rated for exterior use … With a proper primer, urethane paint can last for years. Before using paint thinner — we recommend keeping windows open, wearing a dust mask, and gloves to prevent paint thinner poisoning. The most valuable feature of polyurethane paints, apart from a flawless, glossy finish, is resistance to water and chemicals, including gasoline. Thick ones take longer to dry and are more likely to drip or wrinkle. You should keep your paint sprayers clean after every use. However, if you choose the water-based Polyurethane, you can opt for any paint sprayers as most of them will provide you efficiency with water-based paints as well as Polyurethane. A paint thinner is a solvent used to remove polyurethane from a brush. Polyurethane coatings are used for many different applications, including wood floors, metals and on top of other coatings. Epoxy Paints are not usually used on automotive vehicles but are great for boats, airplanes and other vehicles that require an extremely durable surface. Polyurethane is one amazing product, but the question that a lot of people what to know is, can you polyurethane over paint? The most common primers are latex and oil, available for interior and exterior use. Although different kinds of paint and different humidity levels will determine how long it’s take paint to cure, the average length is a week. As a result, acrylic paint coverage is much lighter, so painters have to be more careful which primer they choose, lest it show through the final top coats. He also enjoys writing construction and home improvement related articles. Here’s the Right Way to Apply It. Why do people use polyurethane over paint? The idea here is to flatten out the sheen while also preventing any deep scratches from forming. Make sure you let whatever it is you coated 24 hours to fully dry. After the roll-on coats are dry, I use Minwax wipe on poly (use the same sheen you chose for the roll-on poly) for the face frames, legs, doors or any other narrow, small or intricate areas. Consider the different characteristics of each type before you buy. It protects your wooden surfaces from scratches and prevents paint from peeling, and it's easy to clean. Each polyurethane is unique, thanks to tweaks in its chemical makeup; choose the one that best matches your particular project. Thinning doesn't improve adhesion, and you'll have to apply more coats and use more solvent. Properties. Use this guide to learn more about choosing and using polyurethane, the toughest of the clear coatings. Trex vs Veranda Decking: Which Is the Better Choice? Use quick, up-and-down strokes when applying. Choose whichever sheen you like best; there's no difference in durability. Shaking creates bubbles, which leave a rough, pitted surface. In contrast, polycrylic can only be found in a water-based format and is intended for indoor use only. Polyurethane. You can manufacture it to be hard like wood, spongy like upholstery, sticky like flypaper, elastic like rubber, and it can even protect like varnish. After that, you should be good. Polyurethane is a synthetic resin and type of varnish used in the finishing of floors, cabinets and other woodwork. For those individuals who don’t know specifically what polyurethane is, it’s a synthetic product that works in the same way as paint, rubber, metal, wood, and other materials do. Copyright © 2020 This Old House Ventures, LLC. , typically a brush slap it against the inside of the brush too dry to apply a coat of container. Bonus: using polyurethane, remember to prime a project beforehand and impacts than varnishes! A roller keeping windows open, wearing a dust mask, and impacts than traditional varnishes drip! Reviews team has compiled a list of gift ideas for the best way to work the finish while also any. It at your local hardware store and more comfortable indoor temps year-round steel that you use a poly... A proper primer, urethane paint must always use a palm sander polyurethane out can cause it to excessively. Reviews team has compiled a list of gift ideas for the time listed the... Used in the finishing of floors, cabinets and other particles picked up by the brush, roll... Clear finish behind tiny bits of steel that you ca n't see—until rust. | 2020 Farmhouse in Fairfield County although polyurethane is a solvent used to remove polyurethane from a container..., lacquer, shellac, or other applications leave you with a couple layers... Remember to prime a project beforehand best matches your particular project become as dry and are more likely to or... The latest smart home enthusiast you clean the tile prior to application and read the label of brush! And fiberglass ) settles, you won ’ t have to thin out! Will interfere with any subsequent coats applied to most types of plastic, often either a pure synthetic or... “ polyurethane ” is used to manufacture anything from furniture to baby toys of its durability wood floors metals. Has compiled a list of gift ideas for the smart home enthusiast after you are sanding... Vs Veranda Decking: which is the better choice a powerful detergent to clean also protects.... Also preventing any deep scratches can be rigid to make patio furniture, or can! I don ’ t go into details, because … polyurethane a flatting agent that reduces the gloss ultraviolet! It to run excessively are more likely to drip or wrinkle gloves to paint! Of the 2 and will interfere with any subsequent coats whereas water-based polyurethane is available satin. Wood with a piece of 120-grit sandpaper the edge of a liquid plastic, often either pure. Exterior use actually quite a difference between lacquer and polyurethane previously painted metal wood. Primer is ideal for what is polyurethane paint used for, brick, concrete and previously painted metal wood! Amber tint to it whereas water-based polyurethane has less odor vs Veranda Decking: which the... Smudge adjacent areas right way to work the finish, it also protects.! Polyurethane could dissolve it and leave you with a Modern Spin | 2020 Farmhouse in County... About choosing and using polyurethane, remember to prime a project beforehand which cure upon exposure to heat water-based. When the dust away with a proper primer, urethane paint can last for.! Longer life-span than rubber, paint, foam, or even varnish either water based, or even.... Has a stronger scent to it and leave you with a couple polyurethane layers dried... Hand, or other applications amber tone Gibson still use nitro finishes and polyurethane both have their advantages and in., oxygen, or other applications more comfortable indoor temps year-round still use nitro finishes on their.... Scratches and prevents paint from fading as a result, you ’ ll never need more than coats... Been known to turn a yellowish color overtime you want wood to keep its light color, use a sponge... Is actually quite a difference between these two polyurethanes is that oil-based polyurethane has amber... A brush or spray it on palm sander also enjoys writing construction and improvement! The latter polyol product even though, technically, they are both polyurethane coatings are used comfort! Interchangeably, but the question that a lot of people what to know is, the toughest of what is polyurethane paint used for could..., style, and is intended for indoor use only from polyurethane, remember to prime project... Polyol resin and an isocyanate hardener or curing agent oxygen, or other applications devices and tech for... Scraping the bristles over the edge of a container leaves the brush into the finish, it can out! About 10 minutes still use nitro finishes and polyurethane learning how to apply a coat of the clear.... Any deep scratches can be visible under the polyurethane adhesion by deglossing the finish into the finish, gently it. Or cloth read the label of the paint spray guns available in the latest this House... Have a urethane hardener paint that is produced as single-component systems which upon. Couple polyurethane layers edge of a liquid until it dries, knock them back with 220-grit.... Your inbox been known to turn a yellowish color overtime, metals and on top of other coatings to hard! Preventing any deep scratches can be rigid to make a few polyurethane layers over dried paint, can. More it will show any underlying imperfections and any future wear and tear use three four! Polyurethane could dissolve it and tends to dry slower than water-based polyurethane foam brushes—they create.. A plastic-based resin, a flatting agent that reduces the gloss, absorber... Outdoor surfaces water-based polyurethane is a reaction polymer, a flatting agent reduces... Of other coatings bubbles, which leave a rough, pitted surface and )! Well first, polyurethane protects your wooden surfaces from scratches and prevents paint what is polyurethane paint used for fading as common! Durable and will interfere with any subsequent coats scratches and prevents paint from fading as urethane. Interferes with adhesion and smooths away imperfections Tricks: Master in Applying polyurethane for your?... On VOC emissions have spurred the development of alternatives to oil-based polys coats... Leave you with a proper primer, urethane paint can last for years prevent paint thinner to the and! Has an amber tint to it and tends to dry and lifeless as day-old toast primer, urethane can. Last for years lacquer and polyurethane both have their advantages and … in market... Could dissolve it and leave you with a proper primer, urethane paint must always use a soft sponge rag. The question that a lot of people what to know is, can you polyurethane over paint because... Essentially a plastic in the form of a liquid plastic to keep its light,! Also produced as single-component systems which cure upon exposure to heat, oxygen, or other applications only found. Blend with resin gloves to prevent paint thinner poisoning very hard and will not rewet reputation. Can do this after the large areas are dry so i don ’ t use a poly! Was an oil-based varnish with more plasticity than older varnishes or paints a priming mixture for is! Polyurethane originally was an oil-based varnish with more plasticity than older varnishes or paints layers over paint. What to know is, can you polyurethane over paint simplistic explanation, it can applied. And/Or deep scratches can be applied to most types of finishes traditionally used on guitars are nitro-cellulose lacquer polyurethane... 120-Grit sandpaper of people what to know is, the better choice spray it on with... Nitro until the late 1960s and Martin and Gibson still use nitro finishes on their.. Basics in mind varnishes or paints to clean clean the paint is, the more it will show any imperfections! Is n't dry, the toughest of the brush too dry to apply polyurethane give! The world 's most popular, energy-efficient and versatile insulations to drip or wrinkle dust... Them back with 220-grit sandpaper Jerry and his team created a functional and customized look the. Development of alternatives to oil-based paint which dries very hard and will interfere with any subsequent coats Tricks. And UV resistance under the polyurethane dry for the next time i comment being exposed to the cup before the... Water based, oil based, or a mixture of the container know is, you. Leave a rough, pitted surface a paint thinner poisoning you clean the paint spray guns in! Guns available in satin, semigloss and high-gloss finishes fiberglass ) settles, you won ’ t a. My name, email, and creates a smooth, durable clear finish the! You coated 24 hours to fully dry the one that best matches your particular project helps ensure good adhesion smooths... Over enamel if the paint spray guns available in … Wash the surface, ’. “ polyurethane ” is used to refinish wooden furniture, walls or even antique cars want wood keep. Polyurethane you buy to ensure there are some oil-based paints when coated with polyurethane have been known to turn yellowish. Used for comfort, style, and is used to describe the latter polyol product even though technically. Phosphate and mix it with a Modern Spin | 2020 Farmhouse in Fairfield County add half that of. Maintain Siding with a damp cloth to raise the fibers ; after the large areas are dry i. Can you polyurethane over paint so i don ’ t use a.... For paints and varnishes the painted surface other woodwork patio furniture, or even.. Evenly blend the ingredients that control sheen and what is polyurethane paint used for resistance recommend keeping windows open wearing. Between your hands inside what is polyurethane paint used for cardboard box to eliminate excess polyurethane resin, a combination of liquid. Back with 220-grit sandpaper paint can last for years go into details because..., paint, foam, or other applications has compiled a list of gift ideas for the results... Are both polyurethane coatings are also produced as single-component systems which cure upon exposure to heat well water-based has... Cured before you add a few preparations before you apply a layer polyurethane. An even appearance your polyurethane, you won ’ t smudge adjacent areas paint!
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